The Role of Pelvic Floor Exercises in Postpartum Recovery

Giving birth is a miraculous and life-changing event, but it can also be physically demanding and stressful for a mother’s body. During pregnancy and childbirth, the pelvic floor muscles undergo significant changes, leading to various problems such as urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, and prolapse. In this article, we will discuss the role of pelvic floor exercises in postpartum recovery and how they can help mothers regain their strength and confidence.


After childbirth, women experience various physical changes, including weakened pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegels, are a popular method to improve these muscles’ strength and flexibility. This article will delve into the importance of pelvic floor exercises in postpartum recovery and how they can benefit women’s overall health and well-being.

Understanding the Pelvic Floor Muscles

The pelvic floor muscles are a group of muscles located between the pubic bone and tailbone. These muscles support the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum. During pregnancy and childbirth, these muscles undergo significant changes, leading to weakened muscles, causing various pelvic floor dysfunctions.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction in Postpartum Women

Postpartum women may experience various pelvic floor dysfunctions, including urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, and prolapse. Urinary incontinence is one of the most common symptoms, where a woman may experience urine leakage during physical activities, coughing, or sneezing. Pelvic pain, on the other hand, can range from mild discomfort to severe pain during sex or daily activities. Prolapse occurs when one or more pelvic organs, such as the bladder or uterus, droop or fall into the vaginal canal.

Benefits of Pelvic Floor Exercises

Pelvic floor exercises provide many benefits to postpartum women, including:

  • Preventing Urinary Incontinence

Pelvic floor exercises can help prevent urinary incontinence by strengthening the muscles that support the bladder. Stronger muscles can help control urine leakage during physical activities or coughing.

  • Relieving Pelvic Pain

Pelvic floor exercises can also help relieve pelvic pain by increasing blood flow to the pelvic area, reducing muscle tension, and improving muscle strength.

  • Improving Sexual Function

Pelvic floor exercises can improve sexual function by increasing blood flow to the genital area and strengthening the muscles responsible for orgasm.

  • Preventing Prolapse

Pelvic floor exercises can prevent prolapse by strengthening the muscles that support the pelvic organs.

How to Perform Pelvic Floor Exercises

Pelvic floor exercises can be performed using various techniques, including:

  1. Kegel Exercises

Kegel exercises involve contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles. To perform Kegels, squeeze the muscles you would use to stop the flow of urine, hold for three seconds, and then relax for three seconds. Repeat ten times, three times a day.

  1. Squatting

Squatting involves standing with your feet hip-width apart and squatting down as if you’re sitting in a chair. This exercise can help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and improve blood flow to the area.

  1. Bridge Pose

Bridge pose involves lying on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Lift your hips up towards the ceiling, contracting your glutes and pelvic floor muscles. Hold for five seconds and then lower your hips back down. Repeat ten times, three times a day.

  1. Lunges

Lunges involve stepping forward with one leg and lowering your body until your front knee is bent at a 90-degree angle. As you lunge, engage your pelvic floor muscles and squeeze them tight. Repeat on the other leg and alternate for ten repetitions, three times a day.

When to Start Pelvic Floor Exercises

It’s best to start pelvic floor exercises as soon as possible after giving birth. However, you should wait until any stitches or tears have healed, and you feel comfortable. If you experience any pain or discomfort during the exercises, stop immediately and speak to your doctor or midwife.

Tips for Pelvic Floor Exercise Success

Here are some tips to ensure success with pelvic floor exercises:

  • Practice consistently: Set aside time each day to perform your exercises and make them a part of your daily routine.
  • Use correct technique: Ensure that you are contracting the correct muscles and maintaining proper form during the exercises.
  • Gradually increase intensity: As your muscles become stronger, gradually increase the duration and intensity of your exercises.
  • Be patient: It takes time to see results, so don’t get discouraged if you don’t see immediate improvement.


Pelvic floor exercises are a vital component of postpartum recovery. They can help prevent urinary incontinence, relieve pelvic pain, improve sexual function, and prevent prolapse. With proper technique and consistency, pelvic floor exercises can help women regain their strength and confidence after childbirth.

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